Advertisement
  1. News
  2. /
  3. Nation & World

Bolton’s firing hasn’t eased tensions between U.S. and Cuba

Both countries continue battle of wills and words over island’s future.
Adelaida Borges reads fortunes for tourists visiting Old Havana. She misses American customers, who came more frequently before the Trump administration restricted travel to the island. [TRACEY EATON  |  Special to the Times]
Adelaida Borges reads fortunes for tourists visiting Old Havana. She misses American customers, who came more frequently before the Trump administration restricted travel to the island. [TRACEY EATON | Special to the Times]
Published Sep. 19, 2019

HAVANA – Adelaida Borges spent decades as a schoolteacher before finding fame as a fortune teller.

Her flamboyant outfits and long, colorful fingernails have drawn hordes of American visitors, from Beyoncé and Katy Perry to Michelle Obama.

“Many Americans came to visit. We were happy to see them,” said Borges, also known as Señora Habana, or Mrs. Havana. But these days, she said, few Americans are stopping by her spot near the Havana Cathedral.

Borges, 77, blames Donald Trump, who replaced Barack Obama’s strategy of engagement with stepped-up economic sanctions.

“I don’t know why Trump has such hate for Cuba,” she said.

Some people wonder if U.S.-Cuba relations might improve now that Trump has fired National Security Adviser John Bolton, a fierce critic of Cuba who blamed the socialist government for propping up the troubled regime in Venezuela.

Don’t count on it, Trump tweeted last week, saying, “In fact, my views on Venezuela, and especially Cuba, were far stronger than those of John Bolton. He was holding me back!”

Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Florida, echoed that point, tweeting:

“Just spoke to @realDonaldTrump on #Venezuela. It’s true he disagreed with some of the views of previous advisor. But as he reminded me it’s actually the DIRECT OPPOSITE of what many claim or assume. If in fact the direction of policy changes, it won’t be to make it weaker.”

As national security adviser, Bolton helped tighten economic sanctions against Cuba and its allies Venezuela and Nicaragua. He told a Miami crowd in November that those countries represent “the perils of poisonous ideologies left unchecked and the dangers of domination and suppression.”

He predicted the leftist governments would eventually crumble.

Some of Bolton’s foes in Havana were delighted that he fell first, but few expect better U.S.-Cuba relations anytime soon.

Some opposition leaders in Havana applaud Trump’s approach. Re-establishing diplomatic ties with Cuba in December 2014 “was like a green light that Obama gave the Cuban regime to act freely, but against the people and not on behalf of the people,” dissident leader Berta Soler said.

Opposition leader Berta Soler supports economic sanctions against Cuba and hopes the Trump administration keeps up the pressure. [TRACEY EATON | Special to the Times]

Soler, head of Ladies in White, urges the Trump administration to “suffocate” the socialist government, “because as long as it has oxygen,” it will repress the Cuban people.

Cuban diplomat Carlos Fernández de Cossío dismisses such talk. U.S. officials can’t accept that Cuba has a “right to self-determination,” he said. They are “committed to punish Cuba… to damage our economy.”

Fernández de Cossío is director of U.S. affairs at Cuba’s Foreign Ministry. After the United States and Cuba renewed diplomatic relations, he said, “there was without a doubt a movement from both our governments toward a better understanding.”

Carlos Fernández de Cossío, a Cuban diplomat, says his country is forced to be patient and "work around the U.S. economic blockade." [TRACEY EATON | Special to the Times]

The U.S. continued to occupy the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in eastern Cuba, and the trade embargo remained in force. But, he said, the two countries were on a path toward dealing with their differences in a civilized manner. “And we were able to mutually work to establish the pillars of what could be a constructive relationship for the future.”

That was important, the diplomat said, because it allowed many Americans to travel to and learn about Cuba for the first time.

Even so, U.S. trade sanctions continued to hurt Cuba, he said. “The impact of the economic blockade in Cuba, just in 2018, was around $4 billion.”

The cornerstone of U.S. sanctions is the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996, also known as the Helms-Burton law.

Fernández de Cossío described it as a “colonial recipe” aimed at overthrowing the Cuban government and appointing a U.S. administrator “as if we were a defeated colonial territory in a colonial world.”

The American administrator would lead Cuba during a transition period that could last years, he said. Under Helms-Burton, Cuba also would have to return property nationalized after the 1959 revolution.

Fernández de Cossío’s American counterpart is Mara Tekach, a career Foreign Service officer who heads the U.S. Embassy in Havana.

She declined an interview but described her vision of Cuba in a June 27 reception commemorating Independence Day.

“What would happen if the economic, political and cultural repression were to disappear?” Tekach asked a crowd of Cubans and other guests.

“Free market principles have raised millions of people out of poverty. As diplomatic colleagues from former communist countries can attest, their nations are thriving because they opened up. Economies perform better when there is liberty and good governance, not repression.”

She criticized Cuban authorities for human rights abuses, including the arbitrary arrest of dissidents.

She also denounced Cuba’s alliance with Venezuela.

“Why would a government associate itself with a system of governance that has caused so much misery and deprivation?” she asked. “The sooner Cuba’s advisory and military apparatus leaves Venezuela, the sooner Cuba can contribute to the better good in this region.”

In April, Cuban officials denied that they had military troops in Venezuela.

Fernández de Cossío said his government’s main priority is “to strengthen socialism” and to make the country more prosperous and democratic “for the benefit of the population as a whole, not on greed, not on selfishness.”

When U.S. officials are ready to talk, he said, Cuban officials will be waiting.

“We are ready to engage,” he said. “What we are not ready to do is to compromise the sovereignty of our nation, our right to self-determination.”

Contact Tracey Eaton at maninhavana@gmail.com

ALSO IN THIS SECTION

  1. Actress Annabella Sciorra arrives as a witness in Harvey Weinstein's  rape trial, in New York, Thursday. (AP Photo/Richard Drew) [RICHARD DREW  |  AP]
    Annabella Sciorra became the first of Weinstein’s accusers to testify at the trial of the movie mogul whose downfall gave rise to the #MeToo movement.
  2. In this Sept. 2017 file photo, a flag is waved outside the White House, in Washington. The Trump administration is coming out with new visa restrictions aimed at restricting a practice known as “birth tourism." That refers to cases when women travel to the United States to give birth so their children can have U.S. citizenship.  (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) [CAROLYN KASTER  |  AP]
    Applicants will be denied a tourist visa unless they can prove they must come to the U.S. to give birth for medical reasons and have money to pay for it.
  3. Local authorities join the U.S. Coast Guard on a search of a person who reportedly went overboard from a cruise ship just off Puerto Rico's north shore, in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, Jan. 22, 2020. According to Coast Guard spokesman Ricardo Castrodad, the incident involved the Oasis of the Seas ship operated by Royal Caribbean International. (AP Photo/Carlos Giusti) [CARLOS GIUSTI  |  AP]
    A CBS News reporter tweeted that a man from Naples jumped from the 10th story deck of the ship.
  4. People walk past a billboard announcing the closure of the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan in central China's Hubei Province, Thursday. China closed off a city of more than 11 million people Thursday in an unprecedented effort to try to contain a deadly new viral illness that has sickened hundreds and spread to other cities and countries amid the Lunar New Year travel rush. (Chinatopix via AP) [AP]
    The deadly new virus has sickened hundreds and spread to other parts of the world during the busy Lunar New Year travel period.
  5. FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 22, 2019 file photo, Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage shares a laugh with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, eastern France.  Farage, the self-declared “pantomime villain” of Brexit, told the Associated Press Tuesday Jan. 14, 2020, he is leaving the European Union's parliament in Strasbourg later this week with a sense of mission accomplished.(AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias, file) [JEAN-FRANCOIS BADIAS  |  AP]
    The United Kingdom is scheduled to leave the European Union on Jan. 31
  6. A firefighter covers his face while battling the Morton Fire near Bundanoon, New South Wales, Australia, on Thursday. (AP Photo (AP Photo/Noah Berger) [NOAH BERGER  |  AP]
    The tragedy brings the death toll from the blazes to at least 31 since September.
  7. In this Aug. 28, 2013, file photo, Joseph Maldonado answers a question during an interview at the zoo he runs in Wynnewood, Okla. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki, File) [SUE OGROCKI  |  AP]
    A federal judge sentenced Joseph Allen Maldonado-Passage to 22 years in prison for trying to arrange the killing of Carole Baskin.
  8. In this image from video, House impeachment manager Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., speaks during the impeachment trial against President Donald Trump in the Senate at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Wednesday. (Senate Television via AP) [AP]
    After late-night deliberations over the rules almost ensured no new witnesses will be heard, the trial picked up speed
  9. In this Dec. 14, 2017, file photo, Jeff Bezos attends the premiere of "The Post" at The Newseum in Washington. United Nations experts on Wednesday, have called for "immediate investigation" by the United States into information they received that suggests that Jeff Bezos' phone was hacked after receiving a file sent from Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's WhatsApp account. (Photo by Brent N. Clarke/Invision/AP, File) [BRENT N. CLARKE  |  Brent N. Clarke/Invision/AP]
    Experts suggest Bezos’ phone was hacked after receiving an MP4 video file sent from the Saudi prince’s WhatsApp account.
  10. The Toyota recall covers certain 2011-2019 Corollas, the 2011 to 2013 Matrix, the 2012 through 2018 Avalon and the 2013 to 2018 Avalon Hybrid in the U.S. Pictured is a 2013 Avalon Limited.
    The problem could affect as many as 12.3 million vehicles in the U.S. made by six companies.
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement