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Photos show migrants evading Libyan coast guard to reach Europe

The Libyans had already thwarted eight rescue attempts by the Open Arms, a Spanish vessel, harassing and threatening its crew in waters where 160 have died this year.
Migrants and refugees from across Africa wait for help aboard an overcrowded rubber boat as they're approached by aid workers from the rescue vessel Open Arms, operated by a Spanish non-governmental organization.
Migrants and refugees from across Africa wait for help aboard an overcrowded rubber boat as they're approached by aid workers from the rescue vessel Open Arms, operated by a Spanish non-governmental organization. [ BRUNO THEVENIN | AP ]
Published Feb. 25
Updated Feb. 25

ABOARD THE OPEN ARMS — The February storm is unforgiving, violently shaking the humanitarian rescuers’ vessel as they try to revive a faulty engine and save African migrants drifting in the Mediterranean Sea after fleeing Libya on unseaworthy boats.

Not only must they brave 43 mph winds and 13-foot waves, but also win the race against the Libyan coast guard, which has been trained and equipped by Europe to keep migrants away from its shores.

Migrants and refugees from from different African nationalities wearing blankets due to the cold, wait on the deck of the Spanish NGO Open Arms boat to disembark after being rescued in the Mediterranean Sea, international waters, Monday, Feb.15, 2021. Various African migrants drifting in the Mediterranean Sea after fleeing Libya on unseaworthy boats have been rescued. In recent days, the Libyans had already thwarted eight rescue attempts by the Open Arms, a Spanish NGO vessel, harassing and threatening its crew in international waters. (AP Photo/Bruno Thevenin)
Migrants and refugees from from different African nationalities wearing blankets due to the cold, wait on the deck of the Spanish NGO Open Arms boat to disembark after being rescued in the Mediterranean Sea, international waters, Monday, Feb.15, 2021. Various African migrants drifting in the Mediterranean Sea after fleeing Libya on unseaworthy boats have been rescued. In recent days, the Libyans had already thwarted eight rescue attempts by the Open Arms, a Spanish NGO vessel, harassing and threatening its crew in international waters. (AP Photo/Bruno Thevenin) [ BRUNO THEVENIN | AP ]

In recent days, the Libyans had already thwarted eight rescue attempts by the rescue vessel Open Arms, operated by a Spanish non-governmental organization, harassing and threatening its crew in the international waters of the central Mediterranean where 160 people have died so far this year.

The latest tragedy took place on Feb. 20, when a rubber boat carrying 120 people started taking in water and waited for hours until a commercial ship in the area arrived to help. Forty-one people drowned, including three children and four women, said the U.N.’s migration agency, the International Organization for Migration.

Those who are saved at sea are not necessarily safe. According to IOM, from Jan. 1 to Feb. 22 nearly 3,600 people, including dozens of women and children, have been intercepted and forcibly returned to Libya.

25-year-old Santa, originally from the Ivory Coast, clutches her 5-year-old daughter Timi to keep her secured inside a rescue vessel in the Mediterranean Sea.
25-year-old Santa, originally from the Ivory Coast, clutches her 5-year-old daughter Timi to keep her secured inside a rescue vessel in the Mediterranean Sea. [ BRUNO THEVENIN | AP ]

There, they are placed in squalid detention centers and are subject to abuse, torture, extortion and rape.

About 2,530 people have made it to Europe after departing Libya so far this year.

Among them is 3-month-old Moise, whose chubby cheeks barely stood out from underneath the oversized lifejacket that rescuers strapped on him as they transferred the baby and his Cameroonian mother to safety aboard the Open Arms rescue ship.

A day later, rescuers plucked 5-year-old Timi from a rubber dinghy under the intimidating gaze of the Libyan coast guard a few yards away. Together with her mother, she had embarked on the risky route to Europe through the Libyan desert six months ago to flee female genital mutilation in their native Ivory Coast, where the practice affects 55% of young girls, according to UNICEF.

Migrants and refugees from across Africa aboard an overcrowded wooden boat await rescue in the Mediterranean Sea in waters some 120 miles off the Libyan coast.
Migrants and refugees from across Africa aboard an overcrowded wooden boat await rescue in the Mediterranean Sea in waters some 120 miles off the Libyan coast. [ BRUNO THEVENIN | AP ]

Despite nausea and vomiting caused by the rough seas, the prospects of a safer future in Europe, together with warm blankets, helped Timi fall asleep on the overcrowded deck of the Open Arms ship.

It would take another three days of stormy navigation for the 146 people rescued by the group on its 80th mission in the central Mediterranean to reach a safe harbor in Sicily.

But before they can even begin the challenging process of starting a new life on European soil, they must board yet another ship and undergo a 14-day quarantine, a preventive measure imposed by the Italian government to curb the spread of COVID-19 during the pandemic. Until then, they can still only dream of a better life.

- Bruno Thevenin and Renata Brito