1774: The first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.
1836: Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
1882: The nation's first Labor Day was celebrated with a parade in New York. (Although Labor Day now takes place on the first Monday of September, this initial celebration occurred on a Tuesday.)
1914: The First Battle of the Marne, resulting in a French-British victory over Germany, began during World War I.
1945: Japanese-American Iva Toguri D'Aquino, suspected of being wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," was arrested in Yokohama. (D'Aquino was later convicted of treason and served six years in prison; she was pardoned in 1977 by President Gerald R. Ford.)
1957: The novel On the Road by Jack Kerouac was first published by Viking Press.
1961: President John F. Kennedy signed legislation making aircraft hijackings a federal crime.
1972: The Palestinian group Black September attacked the Israeli Olympic delegation at the Munich Games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the resulting siege.
1975: President Gerald R. Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif.