1861: Union forces led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant occupied Paducah, Ky., during the Civil War.
1901: President William McKinley was shot and mortally wounded by anarchist Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, N.Y. (McKinley died eight days later; Czolgosz was executed on Oct. 29.)
1916: The first self-serve grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, opened in Memphis. (The store allowed customers to hand-pick their groceries from shelves, rather than request them from a clerk standing behind a counter.)
1991: The Soviet Union recognized the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Russian lawmakers upheld a decision by residents of Leningrad to restore the city's pre-revolutionary name, St. Petersburg.