ATLANTA — Julian Bond's life traced the arc of the civil rights movement, from his efforts as a militant young man to start a student protest group all the way to the top leadership post at the NAACP.
Year after year, the calm, telegenic activist was one of the nation's most poetic voices for equality, inspiring fellow activists with his words in the 1960s and sharing the movement's vision with succeeding generations as a speaker and academic. He died Saturday at 75.
Former U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young said Mr. Bond's legacy would be as a "lifetime struggler."
"He started when he was about 17 and he went to 75," Young said. "And I don't know a single time when he was not involved in some phase of the civil rights movement."
Mr. Bond died in Fort Walton Beach after a brief illness, according to a statement issued Sunday by the Southern Poverty Law Center, an advocacy group that he founded in 1971 and helped oversee for the rest of his life. His wife, Pamela Horowitz, said Mr. Bond suffered from vascular disease.
Her husband, she said, "never took his eyes off the prize and that was always racial equality."
The son of a college president burst into the national consciousness after helping to start the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, where he rubbed shoulders with committee leaders Stokely Carmichael and John Lewis. As the committee grew into one of the movement's most important groups, the young Mr. Bond dropped out of Morehouse College in Atlanta to serve as communications director. He later returned and completed his degree in 1971.
Mr. Bond was elected to the Georgia House in 1965, but fellow lawmakers, many of them white, refused to let him take his seat because of his antiwar stance on Vietnam. The case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in his favor. He finally took office in 1967.
"If this was another movement, they would call him the PR man, because he was the one who wrote the best, who framed the issues the best. He was called upon time and again to write it, to express it," said Eleanor Holmes Norton, who was Mr. Bond's colleague on the student committee and later wrote a friend-of-the-court brief for the American Civil Liberties Union when Mr. Bond's case was before the high court.
President Barack Obama called Mr. Bond "a hero."
"Justice and equality was the mission that spanned his life," Obama said in a statement. "Julian Bond helped change this country for the better."
In 1968, he led a delegation to the Democratic National Convention, where his name was placed in nomination for the vice presidency, but he declined because he was too young.
He served in the Georgia House until 1975 and then served six terms in the Georgia Senate until 1986. He also served as president of the law center from its founding until 1979 and was later on its board of directors.
Mr. Bond was elected board chairman of the NAACP in 1998 and served for 10 years.
He was known for his intellect and his even keel, even in the most emotional situations, Young said.
"When everybody else was getting worked up, I could find in Julian a cool serious analysis of what was going on," Young said.
In the most intense debates, Mr. Bond was "always a gentleman" and never mean, his wife said.
Mr. Bond was often at the forefront of protests. In 1960, he helped organize a sit-in involving Atlanta college students at the city hall cafeteria.
"We never thought that he really would participate and be arrested because he was always so laid back and cool, but he joined in with us," recalled Carolyn Long Banks, now 74, who said he never sought much recognition in those early years.
Mr. Bond was "a thinker as well as a doer. He was a writer as well as a young philosopher," said Charlayne Hunter-Gault, a journalist who struck up a friendship with Mr. Bond in the early 1960s, when she was one of the first two black students to attend the University of Georgia. At the time, he was an activist in Atlanta with the newly formed committee.
His eloquence and sense of humor "really helped sustain the young people in the civil rights movement," she said.
Hunter-Gault said she hopes a new generation of activists draws lessons from Mr. Bond's life and work as they embrace the Black Lives Matter movement.
"Everybody is not going to be out there in the street with their hands up or shouting," she said. "There have got to be people like Julian who participate and observe and combine those two things for action and change that make a difference."
Morris Dees, co-founder of the law center, said the nation lost one of its most passionate voices for justice.
"He advocated not just for African-Americans but for every group, indeed every person subject to oppression and discrimination, because he recognized the common humanity in us all," Dees said.
After leading the NAACP, Mr. Bond stayed active in Democratic politics. He also made regular appearances on the lecture circuit and on television and taught at several universities.
Horace Julian Bond was born Jan. 14, 1940, in Nashville. In addition to his wife, a former staff attorney at the law center, survivors include five children.