Opponents of Florida's medical marijuana amendment are warning that cannabis-enhanced edibles will endanger children, hoping that voters will eat up their dire predictions and reject the measure.
"Amendment 2 will bring kid-friendly pot candy to Florida," the antidrug campaign Vote No on 2 said in a recent mailpiece.
The campaign is run by the Drug Free Florida Committee, an antidrug group started in 2014 by longtime GOP fundraiser Mel Sembler and his wife, Betty, with financial backing from casino magnate Sheldon Adelson.
The group's warning about "kid-friendly pot candy" rates Half True.
Amendment 2 would allow edible forms of marijuana, but the amendment does not specifically identify candy. Calling it "kid-friendly" plays on parents' fears without any proof that's what will happen.
As a refresher, Amendment 2 would let doctors recommend medical marijuana for patients with a host of certain conditions, including cancer, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and more. It's only a recommendation, because marijuana still is illegal under federal law, so doctors can't prescribe it and pharmacists can't distribute it.
The patients would take their recommendations to what is referred to as a Medical Marijuana Treatment Center, which would be regulated by the state to provide the drug.
The amendment doesn't specifically mention candy, but it does allow treatment centers to develop edibles as well as "tinctures, aerosols, oils or ointments." Proponents argue that edible forms of marijuana are better for some patients, in part because the effects can be longer-lasting than other methods of ingestion. That's also part of the problem, because it can be difficult to gauge how the drug may affect people when eaten instead of smoked.
Vote No on 2 cites an uptick of children being hospitalized in many of those states for eating marijuana-laced candy, which they say is tempting to kids if left out. They pointed to several news stories about children in medical marijuana states consuming cookies, chocolate bars, brownies and other sweets and candies.
In some of their cases it wasn't apparent if the candy was medical marijuana or from some other source. (It's also possible that people could always just buy cannabis in bud form and make their own edibles.)
Ben Pollara, director of United for Care, the group behind the amendment, said Vote No on 2 was creating a "total dystopian fantasy about the way the amendment could be implemented." He said a child getting into an adult's medical marijuana presents the same issues as any medication.
"Put it away," he said. "That's Parenting 101."
Kate Bell, legislative counsel at the Marijuana Policy Project, which supports the amendment, said 19 of the 25 medical marijuana states allow edibles, although they all handle them a bit differently.
Amendment 2 offers the state plenty of leeway on how it could regulate the marijuana industry. The Legislature would have to pass a law on the issue and the Health Department would have to write the regulations. What those rules would specifically say is anyone's guess.
That leaves us to look to see how other states handle guidelines about things like packaging and sales practices.
Washington, for example, bans products designed to appeal to kids. Connecticut requires tamper-resistant packages just like prescription drugs. California, which is phasing in new regulations, requires labels warning patients to keep products away from children. New Jersey only allows edibles in lozenge form, which were previously only available to child patients to take at school.
In Colorado, which started selling medical marijuana in 2001 and recreational marijuana in 2012, there has been an increase in the number of children hospitalized for ingesting marijuana. A spokeswoman for the state's marijuana enforcement division acknowledged in 2014 that edible forms carry "a significant public safety risk."
Colorado this year banned some products shaped like people, fruit or animals. The state also requires opaque, tamper-resistant packaging and a label announcing the content of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. The state also is starting to use a universal symbol designating a marijuana product.
That doesn't mean kids don't end up getting exposed to the drug. Mike Van Dyke, the chief of environmental epidemiology, occupational health and toxicology at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, said the state continues to adapt its packaging policies to make edible marijuana less accessible to children.
The Journal of the American Medical Association this year published a study of marijuana exposures in Colorado for kids younger than 10. It found between 2009 and 2015, children's hospital visits increased from 1.2 to 2.3 per 100,000. The Washington Post noted that means hospitals and poison control centers are much more likely to get calls about diaper cream, toothpaste, laundry detergent and crayons than they are about marijuana.
Edited for print. Read the full version at PolitiFact.com/florida.