As the world watched President Barack Obama's news conference about climate change last week, he drew on South Florida to illustrate a point about the impact — and he zeroed in on fish.
"As the science around climate change is more accepted, as people start realizing that even today you can put a price on the damage that climate change is doing — you go down to Miami and when it's flooding at high tide on a sunny day, fish are swimming through the middle of the streets, you know, that — there's a cost to that," Obama said in Paris.
That opened the floodgates to a question about whether there are truly fish in the streets.
Former Gov. Jeb Bush was among the skeptics: "Obama said today the streets of Miami are flooded and fish are falling on them. I live there. I don't know what he's talking about.''
So is it a tall tale that fish swim in the streets of Miami? It's certainly not a regular occurrence. But some people, including a few public officials, say they have seen it. And most importantly, it has been caught on video.
Spokespersons for the White House sent us news articles from 2014 and 2015 about flooding from king tides in South Florida. (King tides are the highest predicted high tides and happen once or twice a year on the Florida coast. They occur when the orbits and alignment of the Earth, moon, and sun combine to produce the greatest tidal effects of the year.)
"There were fish swimming in the street," John Morgan, a Delray Beach city official, told the Sun-Sentinel in October 2014 after a few inches of seawater accumulated without any rain.
Morgan told PolitiFact that he has seen fish on Marine Way, a road in a low-lying area, as well as at Veterans Park.
"I have been with the city a couple years now, and I've probably seen the fish in the streets at least a half-dozen times," said Morgan, who heads up his city's environmental department.
A Hollywood resident, Robin Rorapaugh, told the Miami Herald's Public Insight Network in October that king tides had grown in her neighborhood and that "anyone who doubts climate change should witness the sea come through the storm drains — fish were swimming in the street."
We also found video evidence that supported Obama's point. A Sept. 28 TV news report featured video showing a fish swimming on Cordova Road in Fort Lauderdale.
"Look at that," a bystander said. "A mullet in the street."
Nancy Gassman, assistant public works director in Fort Lauderdale, told PolitiFact Florida that fish on the streets are a "regular occurrence" during high tide flooding in Las Olas Isles and Las Olas Boulevard.
"In past tidal flooding, I personally have seen fish in the streets," she said.
Obama's comments echoed a recent statement by former Vice President Al Gore, who told NPR in November: "I was in Miami last month and fish from the ocean were swimming on some of the streets on a sunny day because it was a high tide. In Miami Beach, Fort Lauderdale, many other places — that happens regularly."
Our efforts to reach Gore were unsuccessful. However, Miami Beach officials told PolitiFact that Gore's comment stems from a tour during a conference about climate change that happened to coincide with the king tides.
Miami Beach officials, including Eric Carpenter, the city's assistant city manager/public works director, showed Gore the impact of the tides on state-owned Indian Creek Drive where the water washes over the sea wall onto the street.
"I absolutely saw the fish," Carpenter told PolitiFact. "You can actually see the fish swimming out of the creek, past the mangrove trees that are there and into the street. I probably saw close to a dozen. They weren't big fish, but I don't know, 2 or 3 inches long?"
While working on temporary fixes to the road to try to alleviate flooding, Carpenter said he saw the fish on several occasions. "It was not an isolated incident," he said.
Flooding has become an expensive problem for places such as Miami Beach, which flood for several days twice a year as a result of king tides. The Herald reported that while the city has flooded for decades during king tides, it has been getting worse.
It's important to point out that sightings of fish in the street are not common. Hollywood City Commissioner Patty Asseff, who lives across the street from the intracoastal, said she had never heard of fish in the streets.
"It was the first I had heard about fish in the streets," she told PolitiFact after reading Obama's comments about Miami. "We have water, we have flooding, but fish I haven't seen yet."
For the record, Obama's statement was technically about Miami — not Miami Beach.
Miami public works director Eduardo Santamaria said he wasn't aware of fish on the streets in Miami, but he said the city is higher than Miami Beach and parts of Fort Lauderdale and Hollywood.
So fish have been seen (and videotaped) on the streets.
But that's been in the low-lying areas that surround Miami, not in the city proper. And the sightings were during the more dramatic king tides, when high tides are at their highest, not during average daily high tides.
Overall, we rate Obama's statement Half True.
Read more rulings at PolitiFact.com/florida.