1. Opinion

Editorial: Kill this proposed amendment that would hamstring local governments in Florida

Sen. Tom Lee, R-Thonotosassa, introduced Proposal 95 at the Constitution Revision Commission. [Times files]
Published Jan. 25, 2018

Trampling on the power of cities and counties to govern themselves is trendy in Tallahassee these days. But a proposal before the powerful Constitution Revision Commission would make pre-emption much more than a passing craze and permanently hinder local governments' ability to sensibly regulate businesses. Home rule is a sacred principle in the state Constitution, but it's under assault in Tallahassee and Floridians should resist wrongheaded attempts to chip away at it.

Proposal 95, offered by state Sen. Tom Lee, R-Thonotosassa, says cities and counties may only regulate "commerce, trade, or labor occurring exclusively within the respective entity's own boundaries," and regulations must not "intrude upon or impede commerce, trade, or labor across the respective entity's boundaries." The language is vague enough to be utterly confusing and broad enough to be dangerous.

By limiting local governments to regulating only businesses within their boundaries, the proposal undercuts their ability to regulate at all. That's particularly pertinent in Pinellas County with its two dozen municipalities. For example, a roofing company based in Pinellas Park that does work in Largo or St. Petersburg or Clearwater wouldn't be subject to any of those cities' regulations, such as a minimum wage ordinance or licensing requirements. Retailers that ship via online sales and companies that are based out of state but operate in Florida, such as developers, would all be above local regulation. And for those truly local businesses that would remain subject to local rules, this proposal is fundamentally unfair.

In a sense, all regulations have the potential to "impede commerce," but that doesn't make them unsound. Rules that prevent factories from dumping pollutants into lakes are costly, but they protect natural resources and residents' health. Zoning restrictions that say fast food joints can't open up shop in the middle of neighborhoods could, in theory, impede the commercial interests of restaurant operators. But they also safeguard property values and quality of life. Under this proposal, those considerations have no merit.

Local government advocates fear that every dispute would have to be settled by the courts, which is a terrible way to govern. Proposal 95, because it's so broad, essentially gives anyone standing to sue. And there could be endless interpretations of what constitutes an intrusion on commerce. Even if the Legislature wanted to make cities and counties seek permission to set regulations on what should be local concerns, this amendment doesn't give it that authority. That leaves statewide laws as the only avenue, and does anyone really think St. Pete Beach has the same needs and concerns as Ocala?

Lee was appointed to the CRC by House Speaker Richard Corcoran, who has made no secret of his desire to handcuff cities and counties based on the belief that power resides with the state government. The Legislature is again toying with the ability of local governments to meet the specific needs of their constituents with several pre-emption bills. But this proposal is more consequential because it could end up in the state Constitution. If approved by the Local Government committee when it meets Friday, the measure would then go to the full CRC, which could put it before voters in November.

It should absolutely not get to the ballot. Hamstringing the ability of city councils and county commissions to regulate business in their communities is foolish and shortsighted. It's also an egregious example of agenda-driven politics intruding on the momentous work of amending the state Constitution. Proposal 95 would be bad for Florida and should be stopped in its tracks.


  1. Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis is poised to play a key role in advancing three civil rights protections. [CHRIS URSO | Times]
    A federal judge and the governor send positive signals on restoring rights for felons. But the state has more work to do.
  2. Medal of Honor recipients Retired Army Maj. Drew Dix, left, and Ret. Army Sgt. Maj. Gary Littrell pose for a portrait during the start of the Medal of Honor Convention held at the Tampa Marriott Water Street in Tampa, Florida on Monday, October 21, 2019.  OCTAVIO JONES  |  Times
    Here’s what readers had to say in Thursday’s letters to the editor.
  3. Former Ambassador William Taylor leaves a closed door meeting after testifying as part of the House impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Oct. 22, 2019. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik) ANDREW HARNIK  |  AP
    William Taylor demonstrates how to stand up for integrity and national purpose, says columnist Timothy O’Brien
  4. Emmett Till, shown with his mother, Mamie, was murdered in 1955 in Mississippi at age 14.
    Courage is why Emmett Till’s legacy is bulletproof. | Leonard Pitts Jr.
  5. Men and boys pose beneath the body of Lige Daniels, a black man, shortly after he was lynched on August 3, 1920, in Center, Texas.  This scene was turned into a postcard depicting the lynching.  The back reads, "He killed Earl's grandma. She was Florence's mother. Give this to Bud. From Aunt Myrtle." Wikimedia Commons
    Trump faces a constitutional process. Thousands of black men faced hate-filled lawless lynch mobs.
  6. Editorial cartoons for Wednesday CLAY BENNETT  |  Chattanooga Times Free Press
  7. Scott Israel, former Broward County Sheriff speaks during a news conference in September. A Florida Senate official is recommending that the sheriff, suspended over his handling of shootings at a Parkland high school and the Fort Lauderdale airport, should be reinstated. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson) BRYNN ANDERSON  |  AP
    The Florida Senate will vote Wednesday whether to remove or reinstate former Broward Sheriff Scott Israel. Facts, not partisan politics, should be the deciding factors.
  8. An ROTC drill team participates in competition.
    Here’s what readers had to say in Wednesday’s letters to the editor.
  9. On Oct. 17, 2019, White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney arrives to a news conference, in Washington. On Sunday, Oct. 20, on "Fox News Sunday," after acknowledging the Trump administration held up aid to Ukraine in part to prod the nation to investigate the 2016 elections, Mulvaney defended Trump’s decision to hold an international meeting at his own golf club, although the president has now dropped that plan. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File) EVAN VUCCI  |  AP
    Flagrant violations are still wrong, even if made in public. | Catherine Rampell
  10. In this photo released by the White House, President Donald Trump, center right, meets with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, standing left, congressional leadership and others on Oct. 16 in the Cabinet Room of the White House in Washington. (Official White House Photo by Shealah Craighead via AP) SHEALAH CRAIGHEAD  |  AP
    The House speaker is increasingly is acting almost like a prime minister. | Eugene Robinson